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Institutional Subscription. Free Shipping Free global shipping No minimum order. Presents a framework for evaluating groundwater environment in urban environments Includes case studies and local examples from a broad geographical range of urban environments from virtually every region in Asia, including Bandung, Bangkok, Delhi, Bishkek, Beijing and Tokyo The book will be a valuable resource for groundwater adversaries in the scientific, decision-making and end-user communities, particularly for understanding and assessing state of groundwater resources in the region as well as learning from the responses practiced so far Dr.
Linda Anne Stevenson, APN The contents in this book are very much useful for informed decision-making for protecting groundwater environemntand therefore contributes in making invisible visible Dr. Neno Kukuric, IGRAC With concrete examples and lessons for readers, this book responds to the call for comprehensive research and studies, the implementation of new science-based methodologies and endorsement of principles for groundwater resources management and cities Dr. Introduction 1. Case study cities 1.
Introduction 2. Structure of the framework 2. Selection of indicators 2. Interpreting the results 2. Physiography and climate 3. Socioeconomics and environmental issues 3. Water availability and withdrawal 3. Introduction 4. About the study area 4. Drivers 4. Pressures 4. State 4. Impacts 4. Responses 4. Summary Annex 4. Introduction 5.
About the city 5. Drivers 5. Pressures 5. State 5. Impacts 5.
Groundwater Environment in Asian Cities
Responses 5. Introduction 6. About the city 6.
- POLICY AND MANAGEMENT SOLUTIONS FOR SUSTAINABLE GROUNDWATER USE.
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Drivers 6. Pressures 6. Groundwater contamination is also a serious problem that exacerbates water scarcity in Asian cities. Case studies illustrate the cause and consequences of naturally occurring contaminants such as arsenic and fluoride, and groundwater contamination due to anthropogenic contaminants is described.
Also discussed are technologies for treating contaminated groundwater to reduce the health risks of drinking contaminated groundwater. Skip to: Content.
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Publication Information:. Sign up to take part. A Nature Research Journal. This paper summarizes the results of efforts to bring attention to the importance of understanding and improving groundwater governance and management. Discussion of survey work in the United States and global case studies highlights the importance of focusing attention on this invisible water resource before pollution or depletion of it causes severe economic, environmental, and social dislocations.
Better governance and management of groundwater are required to move toward sustainable groundwater use. In many places groundwater is being depleted faster than nature replenishes it, and its quality is being compromised. At the same time that groundwater from deeper and saltier aquifers is eyed for meeting future drinking water needs, aquifers are being identified as repositories for waste streams from desalination and energy processes as well as carbon sequestration sites.
As dependence on groundwater increases, water managers and policy makers must pay careful attention to both groundwater quality and quantity. This paper focuses on efforts to bring attention to the importance of understanding and improving the governance and management of this invisible and increasingly relied-upon resource. It is essential that water users focus attention on this invisible water resource before pollution or depletion of it causes severe economic, environmental, and social dislocations.
In , global leaders in groundwater monitoring and management embarked on an effort to highlight best practices in groundwater governance. The stated need for this project on groundwater governance was predicated on the rapid increase in groundwater extraction and its invisibility.
Groundwater | Water, Land and Ecosystems
Unlike surface water, which can be seen and touched separately from its consumption, water consumers generally have little understanding of groundwater quantity and quality. I will note here that there are about as many definitions of ground water governance as there are papers or books written on it. I like to use the following single-sentence definition, which I developed with coauthors: Groundwater governance is the overarching framework of groundwater use laws, regulations, and customs, as well as the processes of engaging the public sector, the private sector, and civil society.
I had the good fortune of being invited to participate in the regional consultation portion of the project, where water management professionals from around the world were invited to participate in one of five regional consultations. I will report more on the efforts to describe US groundwater governance and management in the next section. In , two independent efforts, one in the United States and the other more globally based, attempted to bring greater attention to the importance of wise governance and management of this invisible resource through dialogues from which principles or directives emerged.
I was on the workshop organizing committee and contributed to the efforts to disseminate workshop findings. Perhaps most wide-ranging of the findings-conclusions is the recognition that effective groundwater management is critical to an integrated water management portfolio that is adaptive and resilient to drought and climate change.
In addition, the importance of groundwater considerations to policies related to agriculture, energy, environment, land-use planning, and urban development was underscored. Fundamentally, the workshop concluded that it comes down to the relationship of the water consumers to the resource.
Are they organized to manage the resource and, if so, on the basis of what information? A major thrust of this effort, like the global Groundwater Governance Project, was to bring attention to the important, growing, and often misunderstood status of groundwater in meeting human and environmental water needs. A subset of groundwater experts from across the globe convened to draft a set of principles for sustainable groundwater management.
Specifically, the directives are 1 Recognize aquifers and groundwater as critically important, finite, valuable, and vulnerable resources; 2 Halt the chronic depletion of groundwater in aquifers on a global basis; 3 Aquifer systems are unique and need to be well understood, and groundwater should be invisible no more; 4 Groundwater must be sustainably managed and protected within an integrated water resource framework; 5 Managed Aquifer Recharge should be greatly increased globally; and 6 Effective groundwater management requires collaboration, robust stakeholder participation, and community engagement.
It is not surprising that a group convened to explore managed aquifer recharge urged increased implementation of MAR efforts. Again, the importance of stakeholders was noted: Effective groundwater management requires collaboration, robust stakeholder participation, and community engagement. While the Water Governance Initiative led by Paris-based Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development OECD is not exclusively focused on groundwater, this initiative has also emphasized the role of stakeholder engagement. I still see very limited resources going into stakeholder engagement efforts.
I am therefore encouraged that hydrologists, engineers, and other physical scientists are increasingly acknowledging the importance of collaboration across disciplines and the need for robust stakeholder participation. What do we know about actual governance practices that lead to good groundwater stewardship? The Groundwater Governance Project had sharing governance practices at its foundation. It convened water managers and decision-makers from jurisdictions large and small, ranging from island states to large countries. This was necessary because groundwater is primarily a local resource.
Approaches to its governance and management will reflect relevant laws and regulations, along with local physical and economic conditions.
No cookbook approach to groundwater governance has emerged. As I participated in the more global dialogues, I observed something that bothered me. Often, conditions for the US were shown on a map in a single color, meaning that conditions were uniform across the US. Nothing can be further from the truth in a country as large as the US. While some may inherently acknowledge this, my guess was that few engaged in global discussions on groundwater governance and management recognized just how decentralized groundwater authorities and agencies are across the US.
Despite the US being a nation of states, aside from national regulations addressing the quality of drinking water and discharges of water into navigable waters, there is little other federal guidance on groundwater quantity or quality. To help document the diversity of governance and management approaches across the US, a small team at the University of Arizona undertook an effort to characterize elements of this diversity. Armed with a survey of the literature that revealed no recent survey of state practices, we undertook an initial and survey of the states to demonstrate that one cannot paint the US groundwater governance and management picture with a single brushstroke.
One of the survey results was that most states had different government agencies managing water quantity and water quality. Figure 1 shows quite a bit of variation in reliance on groundwater across the US states. Indeed, within states there will be additional variation. Super-imposed on the coloring showing the level of extent of reliance on groundwater are hatch marks showing states that reported a focus on declining groundwater levels.
Several states with limited reliance on groundwater for overall state water demands indicated concern with declining groundwater levels.